Tenku Art Festival

Artist: Toyomi Hoshina / Tokyo University of the Arts
Location: Tomi, Nagano, Japan
Year: annually from 2016
Researcher: Le Lijun

" Tenku Art Festival " is an art project course led by Professor Toyomi Hoshina of the Fifth Research Office of Oil Painting Department of Tokyo University of Arts. Since 2016, it has been held for five times in the countryside of Tomi City, Nagano Prefecture. The project is based on "art is explosion!" proposed by Taro Okamoto (1911-1996), a modern Japanese artist, in the 1970s to transform it into the concept of "life is Art", with the goal of "society and creative design", it focuses on the artistic reconstruction of regional resources, natural environment and life. Like other remote areas in Japan, the countryside in Tomi city has beautiful scenery, but there are some social problems, such as the sharp decrease of population, fewer children and aging. The art project first aims at the local specific problems, guiding students to actively communicate with local residents in the process of creation.

The Tenku Art Festival is held in Tomi City, Nagano Prefecture, northern Japan, and in the Tomi pastoral area and its surrounding areas in the south. The platform of Kidami pastoral area is about 750 meters above sea level. Surrounded by mountains, it feels that heaven and earth are integrated and breathe each other. This is the unique feature of Kidami pastoral area. In order to revive the regional culture, the Tenku Art Festival was born. Similar to the regional public art projects such as the Earth Art Festival and Setouchi International Art Festival, the Tenku art festival takes life as art as its main idea, and focuses on the relationship between society and Art: art is not for the sake of art, but to use the power of art to change society and people's feelings.

Rethinking the relationship between natural resources and society, from the perspective of living environment, the utilization methods of water resources, mountain landscape, pastoral landscape and various indispensable regional assets in life have changed with the accumulation of ancestors' wisdom. In the contemporary era, which is too biased towards economic benefits, how to return to the respect for nature and how to re apply it to a variety of contemporary art is also the significance of this art festival.

Since the first time in 2016, the regional public art project of the Festival and Setouchi International Art Festival, the Art Festival has been carried out for five times. The artists' works have also experienced the change of four seasons in the northern Kidami area of Japan, which has been closely linked with the local area and produced a common memory. This is a kind of soft and gentle integration, and the thinking of this relationship is also an important point of view in the school of things.

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Toyomi Hoshina, who was born in Tomi City, Nagano Prefecture, has been vice president and director of Tokyo University of the arts. Under the influence of Koji Enokura and Noboru Takayama, the Monoha School of things, he studied in Tokyo University of Arts and belongs to the post Monoha school generation. As a representative of the post Monoha school, Mr. Hoshina's works have always been inspired by natural materials such as wood and stone, using wood, paper, ink and other materials for artistic creation, in order to perceive the relationship between the external space and himself. In the 1980s, Mr. Hoshina's first work attracted the attention of the international art community and caused a sensation in Japan. In addition to Japan, he has also published works in Switzerland, Germany, the United States, China and other places.

Mr. Hoshina's art takes the oriental culture as the axis and creates works through the relationship of space, place and body. He thinks that Oriental art should establish its own language form and carry this profound oriental thought. He explores and interprets the art problems. Since 2016, as a curator, Mr. Hoshina has planned the annual sky Art Festival in his hometown of Tomi City, Nagano Prefecture, leading teachers and students of Tokyo University of the arts and related artists to carry out public art projects and teaching.

In recent years, Tokyo University of Arts, a higher art institution in Japan, has set up public art education courses in terms of art project curriculum and teaching mode construction, leading students to enter the community for art education and creative activities. Through the establishment of art project curriculum and the construction of teaching mode, we can break the professional barriers between various disciplines and grades, penetrate the boundaries between various professional fields, and encourage and actively lead students to participate in public art projects initiated by schools and social organizations as artists. Today, this kind of public art activity not only pays attention to the artist's personal performance and the viewer's personal experience, but also has the requirement of public performance for the artist. The audience also participates in the art activities and experiences together. Sometimes, art projects need to be co produced by residents, and the production process itself is also involved. Through mutual exchange of experience, new public creativity may emerge, and the relationship between artists and local residents may be strengthened.

Professor Toyomi Hoshina's work Listen to the rain’ nunnery effectively combines traditional art and scientific means for artistic creation. He used the traditional Japanese construction technology to build the pavilion, and then tried to extract almost invisible light energy from the Common Weeds in front of the Pavilion by using the principle of bioluminescence, and then used the photoelectron amplifier tube which can capture the elemental particles to convert the captured light into image signal, and projected it into the rain curtain of Listen to the rain’ nunnery, forming the light particles colliding with the raindrops.

Taking into account the particularity of the site of works, the discussion of the term "site-specific" in the art project course of Tokyo University of Arts is more diversified. Public art education is more in-depth to explore the excavation and expression of local culture, as well as the art practice method of creating in a specific place, emphasizing the irreplaceable significance of the relationship between the place and works. At the same time, through the joint efforts of the community to produce works, according to the cooperation and understanding of most people, the purpose is not limited to the material and material of art, but through the reorganization of the environment, history, memory, sensibility and other non visual fields, in order to obtain the modeling expression method based on the new concept.

"Tenku Art Festival" is conceived with the theme of Tomi city. For example, the theme of "pond" is extended to consider the story of the pond itself, the pond and nature, the spirit of water, the nature of water and other free forms. Compared with traditional art creation, public art focuses on solving social problems by artistic language and way, such as people's livelihood and ecology. Publicity is the core value of public art works, which provides a strong impetus and unlimited possibility for the concept of "local remodeling". In addition, participatory, interactive, diverse and regional practice is also an important parameter to judge public art. Therefore, the measurement of the value of public works of art can not only stay in the level of production technology or artistic style, but also can effectively participate in regional construction, reshape local culture and solve practical problems, and finally form an operation mechanism to stimulate and mobilize people's self sustainable and healthy development, so as to promote the integration of creative achievements and social development.

With the progress of science and technology, art is showing such a unique power. According to the prediction, maybe in 45 years' time, the whole society will undergo tremendous subversive changes, and about 40% of the enterprises will disappear and be replaced by new artistic industries.

Professor Toyomi Hoshina, vice president of Tokyo University of the arts and director of Tenku Art Festival, mentioned that a lot of work of Tokyo University of the arts today has turned to focus on the relationship between society and Art: art is not for the sake of art, but to use the power of art to change society and people's feelings. The sky festival is the practical practice of this power. The participants of Tenku Art Festival are artists with various means of artistic creation, local people with different identities, and governments and schools that support and subsidize them, so as to jointly promote regional public exchanges. This is not only an artist's personal creation, but also a common reflection closely related to the region. Although each person presents in different forms, the origin is the same. They all form different understandings of the same landscape through their own unique experience. As Professor Toyomi Hoshina thinks, thinking comes from the influence of life experience on you. Everyone is unique, and every region has its own uniqueness. It is based on this difference that regional public art has its meaning.

Tokyo University of the Arts offers public art education courses to lead students into the community for art education and creative activities. Through the establishment of art project curriculum and the construction of teaching mode, we can break the professional barriers between various disciplines and grades, and penetrate the boundaries between various professional fields. Over the past five years, "Tenku Art Festival" has been the art practice education of Tokyo University of Arts, with more than 100 teachers and students. The project respects the personality and originality of teachers and students. In the process of cooperation, the participants also get a higher level of originality experience. They put forward their own ideas respectively and show their works to everyone through the group discussion process. The workflow from planning to actual production, and then to deployment and setting, has stimulated the change of participants from personal ability development to collaborative conception and creation. Students also fully realize the relationship between personal value and social value in the experience of cooperation. Today, the relationship between public art and Japanese society, especially people's daily life, has become increasingly close. Especially after the "3.11" earthquake, the concept and social model of the relationship between natural environment and public art has become a new topic in Japan. The relationship between art and social development is increasingly close. The idea of symbiosis with nature and environment has become a new theme of Japanese contemporary art. Slogans such as "community reconstruction" and "regional regeneration project" have also made contemporary art evolve into public art and become one of the driving forces of social and economic development“ "Tenku Art Festival" re judges the position of contemporary art in the realistic context and redefines the role of public art in daily life.

All copyright belongs to Shanghai Academy of Fine Arts, Shanghai University.

Progress Agency